1. Introduction to the Project
When I began studying poetry as an undergraduate student there was no digital archive of poems or commentaries on poems. There was no internet. With the advent of the web, digital sites with comments on poems began to appear. Most of these sites and commentaries were not especially helpful, except perhaps for a desperate student seeking to have someone else do their learning.
So years ago a group of students and I decided to create a reliable resource. We designed and published an open-access book of engaging and reliable commentaries on individual poems. American Poetry and Poetics remains a living anthology of commentaries on poems, as well as more extended essays on literary production, reception and form, There are around fifty commentaries on poems by the nineteenth-century poets Emily Dickinson, Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, and Walt Whitman, all written by undergraduate students at Keene State College.
This semester you will be writing five commentaries in the course and submitting them for publication in this online resource guide. The final versions of the commentaries, and decisions about publication, will be in October.
2. Writing Commentaries
The commentaries are descriptive. You will not be writing to advance an interpretive claim. Rather, the work is to discover, describe and elaborate on the poem. It is important that you choose poems that interest you, or that challenge you. And it is imperative that you also do a comprehensive survey of the secondary criticism to find out exactly what others have said about the poem. Each commentary will demonstrate an awareness of the formal and thematic concerns of the poem as well as the ways the poem has been read by other readers. You are responsible for reading and quoting from, when appropriate, readers who have published commentary on your poem.
Each entry will include
- the poem
- an audio file of you reading the poem aloud (more on this later)
- a succinct overview of the poem (or section or segment of a long poem) and a focused commentary of no more than 500 words
- a bibliography and further reading section that directs readers to the extant commentary on the poem
The format for and content of each entry will follow the sequence below:
1st paragraph: Text and Context Historical and factual information
- texts have histories (manuscripts, versions, editions) that may be relevant
- texts first appeared where (date and location) and then in book form
- poetics: poem (verse) structure: lyric, narrative, dramatic
- biographical (only if relevant to poem)
- social/cultural (only if relevant to poem)
- when the poem occurred in the arc of the poets career
Can end in transitional summary sentence to continue the commentary
2nd paragraph: Summary of the poem Descriptive account of form and content
- relevant details of poem structure (octave/sestet, narrative book-length poem, etc.)
- relation of poem to other poems or texts or contexts
- relevant summary of poetic features (language, imagery)
- relevant lines, phrases, words quoted as evidence
3rd paragraph: Critical reception of poem Tradition of commentary and conversation about the poem
- How was the poem received by contemporaries?
- How has the poem been read by readers since its publication?
- Are there critical debates or different ways of reading the poem?
- How does the poem fit into a literary tradition?
4th paragraph: Conclusion Informed comment about the significance and/or interest of the poem
Most students of literature and culture I have worked with in the past have been surprised at the challenges (and pleasures) of descriptive writing. Most everyone has found these pieces of writing especially rewarding, too, as they are written for a general audience and not merely for the teacher of the course.
Books and essays in the Mason Library and Databases that can be readily accessed through the Mason Library English Portal . Material available on the web: for example, the Maine Historical Society, The Poetry Foundation, The Academy of American Poets, Wikipedia
3. Examples from the Book
The entries published in American Poetry and Poetics will be useful as models. And we will discuss descriptive writing in class.
4. Editorial and Production Work
Writing, rewriting, and editing for publication are collaborative processes.
Writing and rewriting involves self-directed work as well as the productive incorporation of feedback on your writing from others:
- You are producing your commentary, allowing it (and yourself) to give it rest for a few days, reading general feedback, and making changes
- You are receiving feedback on your commentaries. You have examples above and others in the book.
This process will continue with feedback on your commentaries from your peers and from Mark during weeks 5–8 of the course.
Editing The form and content of the commentaries will be consistent across the entries. We will be working on larger organizational structure as well as copy editing (mechanics, punctuation).
Production This stage in the process will likely spill over into part two of the course. There are a number of things to do. We will need:
- make sure that all the commentaries are consistent. Mark will produce a Google folder for all the commentaries and invite the managing editors to have editing privileges
- go over the existing entries in the book and make any necessary corrections or additions. This will be an interesting and educational editorial process that will involve working with Mark.
- create an audio file for each poem of consistent and usable quality. Each sound file will be an embedded media file that will look like this:
This file was produced with the application Quick Time Player on a MAC. There are other ways to produce files that we can use, .mp3, .m4a, .ogg, or .wav files. Word Press has a Tutorial on Audio
Another method is to use the Voice Memo on an Iphone. Utlilities > Voice Memo > upload M4a file